1) the exercise of the body in a palaestra or school of athletics
2) any exercise whatever
2a) the exercise of conscientiousness relative to the body such as is characteristic of ascetics and consists in abstinence from matrimony and certain kinds of food
Part of Speech: noun feminine
Citing in TDNT: 1:775, 133
From G1128; training, that is, (figuratively) asceticism: - exercise.
These two sites give similar information, with the definition from several dictionaries and statistics on the use of the word.
Perseus Digital Library
University of Chicago's Logion lexicon
Thayer's dictionary plus other information.
From this site's dictionary (in Italian)
Click on the first column to search for that word as a form of the root γυμνασία; click on the second column to search for that grammatical form of the root γυμνασία; click on the third column to search for that word and grammatical form; click on the total to search for the root γυμνασία.