πνεῦμα in the New Testament

Definitions

Thayer

1) the third person of the triune God, the Holy Spirit, coequal, coeternal with the Father and the Son
1a) sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his personality and character (the Holy Spirit)
1b) sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his work and power (the Spirit of Truth)
1c) never referred to as a depersonalised force
2) the spirit, i.e. the vital principal by which the body is animated
2a) the rational spirit, the power by which the human being feels, thinks, decides
2b) the soul
3) a spirit, i.e. a simple essence, devoid of all or at least all grosser matter, and possessed of the power of knowing, desiring, deciding, and acting
3a) a life giving spirit
3b) a human soul that has left the body
3c) a spirit higher than man but lower than God, i.e. an angel
3c1) used of demons, or evil spirits, who were conceived as inhabiting the bodies of men
3c2) the spiritual nature of Christ, higher than the highest angels and equal to God, the divine nature of Christ
4) the disposition or influence which fills and governs the soul of any one
4a) the efficient source of any power, affection, emotion, desire, etc.
5) a movement of air (a gentle blast)
5a) of the wind, hence the wind itself
5b) breath of nostrils or mouth
Part of Speech: noun neuter
Citing in TDNT: 6:332, 876

Strong

G4151
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit: - ghost, life, spirit (-ual, -ually), mind. Compare G5590.

Louw-Nida

GlossSection
a Holy Spirit12.18
b spirit12.33
c evil spirit12.37
(πνεῦμα πονηρόν) evil spirit12.38
(πνεῦμα ἀκάθαρτον) unclean spirit12.39
d ghost12.42
g wind14.4
(ἀφίημι τὸ πνεῦμα) die23.109
(παραδίδωμι τὸ πνεῦμα) die23.110
h breath23.186
(ζέω τῷ πνεύματι) show enthusiasm25.73
e inner being26.9
f way of thinking30.6
(τίθεμαι ἐν τῷ πνεύματι) make up mind30.76
(ἒχω πνεῦμα πύθωνα) be a fortuneteller33.285
(πτωχὸς τῷ πνεύματι) be humble88.57

Classical Greek Dictionaries

These two sites give similar information, with the definition from several dictionaries and statistics on the use of the word.

Perseus Digital Library

University of Chicago's Logion lexicon

Ulrik Petersen

Strong's dictionary

Crosswalk

Thayer's dictionary plus other information.

LaParola

From this site's dictionary (in Italian)

In the New Testament

SBL (also Westcott and Hort; Tischendorf; Byzantine)

πνεῦμαnoun: accusative singular neuter63
πνεῦμαnoun: nominative singular neuter81
πνεῦμάnoun: accusative singular neuter3
πνεῦμαnoun: vocative singular neuter2
πνεῦμάnoun: nominative singular neuter10
πνεύμασιnoun: dative plural neuter3
πνεύμασινnoun: dative plural neuter2
πνεύματαnoun: accusative plural neuter10
πνεύματαnoun: nominative plural neuter8
πνεύματιnoun: dative singular neuter88
πνεύματίnoun: dative singular neuter3
πνεύματοςnoun: genitive singular neuter89
πνεύματόςnoun: genitive singular neuter6
πνευμάτωνnoun: genitive plural neuter11
Total379

Click on the first column to search for that word as a form of the root πνεῦμα; click on the second column to search for that grammatical form of the root πνεῦμα; click on the third column to search for that word and grammatical form; click on the total to search for the root πνεῦμα.