1) a renter or farmer of taxes
1a) among the Romans, usually a man of equestrian rank
2) a tax gatherer, collector of taxes or tolls, one employed by a publican or farmer general in the collection of taxes. The tax collectors were as a class, detested not only by the Jews, but by other nations also, both on account of their employment and of the harshness, greed, and deception, with which they did their job.
Part of Speech: noun masculine
Citing in TDNT: 8:88, 1166
From G5056 and G5608; a tax farmer, that is, collector of public revenue: - publican.