1) a son
1a) rarely used for the young of animals
1b) generally used of the offspring of men
1c) in a restricted sense, the male offspring (one born by a father and of a mother)
1d) in a wider sense, a descendant, one of the posterity of any one
1d1) the children of Israel
1d2) sons of Abraham
1e) used to describe one who depends on another or is his follower
1e1) a pupil
2) son of man
2a) term describing man, carrying the connotation of weakness and mortality
2b) son of man, symbolically denotes the fifth kingdom in Dan 7:13 and by this term its humanity is indicated in contrast with the barbarity and ferocity of the four preceding kingdoms (the Babylonian, the Median and the Persian, the Macedonian, and the Roman) typified by the four beasts. In the book of Enoch (2nd Century) it is used of Christ.
2c) used by Christ himself, doubtless in order that he might intimate his Messiahship and also that he might designate himself as the head of the human family, the man, the one who both furnished the pattern of the perfect man and acted on behalf of all mankind. Christ seems to have preferred this to the other Messianic titles, because by its lowliness it was least suited to foster the expectation of an earthly Messiah in royal splendour.
3) son of God
3a) used to describe Adam (Luk 3:38)
3b) used to describe those who are born again (Luk 20:36) and of angels and of Jesus Christ
3c) of those whom God esteems as sons, whom he loves, protects and benefits above others
3c1) in the OT used of the Jews
3c2) in the NT of Christians
3c3) those whose character God, as a loving father, shapes by chastisements (Heb 12:5-8)
3d) those who revere God as their father, the pious worshippers of God, those who in character and life resemble God, those who are governed by the Spirit of God, repose the same calm and joyful trust in God which children do in their parents (Rom 8:14, Gal 3:26 ), and hereafter in the blessedness and glory of the life eternal will openly wear this dignity of the sons of God. Term used preeminently of Jesus Christ, as enjoying the supreme love of God, united to him in affectionate intimacy, privy to his saving councils, obedient to the Father's will in all his acts
Part of Speech: noun masculine
Citing in TDNT: 8:334, 1206
Apparently a primary word; a "son" (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship: - child, foal, son.
|d male offspring (animal)||4.9|
|(υἱοὶ τῶν ἀνθρώπων) people||9.2|
|(υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου) Son of Man||9.3|
|e person of||9.4|
|b son (endearment)||9.46|
|c male descendant (human)||10.30|
|a son (own)||10.42|
|(υἱοὶ τοῦ νυμφῶνος) wedding guests||11.7|
|(υἱοὶ τῆς βασιλείας) people of God||11.13|
|(υἱοὶ τῆς ἡμέρας) people of God||11.14|
|(υἱοὶ τοῦ φωτός) people of God||11.14|
|(υἱοὶ τοῦ αἰῶνος τούτου) non-religious people||11.16|
|(υἱοὶ Ἰσραήλ) people of Israel||11.58|
|(υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ) Son of God||12.15|
|h kind of||58.26|
These two sites give similar information, with the definition from several dictionaries and statistics on the use of the word.
Perseus Digital Library
University of Chicago's Logion lexicon
Thayer's dictionary plus other information.
From this site's dictionary (in Italian)
Click on the first column to search for that word as a form of the root υἱός; click on the second column to search for that grammatical form of the root υἱός; click on the third column to search for that word and grammatical form; click on the total to search for the root υἱός.