ἀρχιερεύς in the New Testament

Definitions

Thayer

1) chief priest, high priest - He above all others was honoured with the title of priest, the chief of priests. It was lawful for him to perform the common duties of the priesthood; but his chief duty was, once a year on the day of atonement, to enter into the Holy of Holies (from which the other priests were excluded) and offer sacrifices for his own sins and the sins of the people, and to preside over the Sanhedrin, or Supreme Council, when convened for judicial deliberations. According to Mosaic law, no one could aspire to the high priesthood unless he were of the tribe of Aaron and descended from a high priestly family; and he on whom the office was conferred held it till death. But from the time of Antiochus Epiphanes, when the kings of Seleucideae and afterwards the Herodian princes and the Romans arrogated to themselves the power of appointing the high priests, the office neither remained vested in the pontifical family nor was conferred on any for life; but it became venal, and could be transferred from one to another according to the will of civic or military rulers. Hence it came to pass, that during the one hundred and seven years intervening between Herod the Great and the destruction of the holy city, twenty eight persons held the pontifical dignity.
2) the high priests, these comprise in addition to one holding the high priestly office, both those who had previously discharged it and although disposed, continued to have great power in the State, as well as the members of the families from which high priest were created, provided that they had much influence in public affairs.
3) Used of Christ because by undergoing a bloody death he offered himself as an expiatory sacrifice to God, and has entered into the heavenly sanctuary where he continually intercedes on our behalf.
Part of Speech: noun masculine
Citing in TDNT: 3:265, 349

Strong

G749
From G746 and G2409; the high priest (literally of the Jews, typically Christ); by extension a chief priest: - chief (high) priest, chief of the priests.

Louw-Nida

GlossSection
a chief priest53.88
b high priest53.89

Classical Greek Dictionaries

These two sites give similar information, with the definition from several dictionaries and statistics on the use of the word.

Perseus Digital Library

University of Chicago's Logion lexicon

Ulrik Petersen

Strong's dictionary

Crosswalk

Thayer's dictionary plus other information.

LaParola

From this site's dictionary (in Italian)

In the New Testament

SBL (also Westcott and Hort; Tischendorf; Byzantine)

ἀρχιερέαnoun: accusative singular masculine9
ἀρχιερεῖnoun: dative singular masculine3
ἀρχιερεῖςnoun: accusative plural masculine10
ἀρχιερεῖςnoun: nominative plural masculine40
ἀρχιερεὺςnoun: nominative singular masculine24
ἀρχιερεύςnoun: nominative singular masculine4
ἀρχιερεῦσινnoun: dative plural masculine6
ἀρχιερέωνnoun: genitive plural masculine10
ἀρχιερέωςnoun: genitive singular masculine16
Total122

Click on the first column to search for that word as a form of the root ἀρχιερεύς; click on the second column to search for that grammatical form of the root ἀρχιερεύς; click on the third column to search for that word and grammatical form; click on the total to search for the root ἀρχιερεύς.