1) has no exact English equivalent, see definitions under AV
Part of Speech: particle
A primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty: - [what-, where-, whither-, who-]soever. Usually unexpressed except by the subjunctive or potential mood. Also contraction for G1437.
|(ἡνίκα ἄν) whenever||67.36|
These two sites give similar information, with the definition from several dictionaries and statistics on the use of the word.
Perseus Digital Library
University of Chicago's Logion lexicon
Thayer's dictionary plus other information.
From this site's dictionary (in Italian)
Click on the first column to search for that word as a form of the root ἄν; click on the second column to search for that grammatical form of the root ἄν; click on the third column to search for that word and grammatical form; click on the total to search for the root ἄν.